A condition resulting from clogged or plugged hair follicles present under the skin. It presents as small to large, red bumps on the skin which may be painful and pus-filled in some cases.
Acne presents as small to large, red bumps on the skin which may be painful and pus-filled in some cases.
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This clogging could be due to excess oil production, accumulation of dead skin cells, or bacterial infection.
Detailed medical history and thorough examination of the pimples can help your doctor diagnose acne. Medical history includes questions about any other medical condition, use of medications, mood disorders, etc.
Retinoids: Prevent clogging of hair follicles. Prescribed as topical or oral medication. To be taken under physician supervision only.
Tretinoin . Adapalene . Isotretinoin
Antibiotics: Prevent spread of bacterial infection. Prescribed as topical and oral medication.
Azithromycin . Tetracycline . Amoxicillin
Keratolytic agents: Promote skin exfoliation. Prescribed as topical agents.
Dicarboxylic acids: Reduces bacterial infection and inflammation. Prescribed as topical agents.
Sulfones: Reduces inflammation. Prescribed as topical or oral agents. Recommended in some cases.
Oral contraceptives: Helps control hormonal acne in women. Prescribed as oral agents. Recommended in some cases.
Antiandrogens: Prevents the effect of androgen on oil glands in the skin. Prescribed as oral agents. Prescribed as oral agents. Recommended in some cases.
Corticosteroids: Reduces inflammation. Prescribed as topical, oral or injection forms in severe acne.
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